Pituitary Tumors Overview:


  • Pituitary Tumors are approached by a team of surgeons composed of a Skull Based trained ENT surgeon and a Neurosurgeon.
  • Patients are seen and evaluated by each member of the Pituitary Tumor Team, and their case is presented to the Eisenhower Brain Tumor Board for discussion.

  • Pituitary tumors are approached using modern neurosurgical technologies:

1- Neuroendoscopy
2- Microneurosurgery
3- Micro-Doppler
4- Radiosurgery
5- Stereotactic Image Guidance

  • Pituitary tumors account for about 10-25% of brain tumors.

  • The mean age of patients with pituitary tumors is 20-50 years.

  • Although symptoms largely depend on the type of the pituitary tumor, however, most patients present with headache.

  • Female patients are typically afflicted with Prolactin or ACTH-secreting tumors and males with Growth hormone-secreting tumors.

  • Depending on the different studies cited, pituitary tumors can be classified into three groups: benign, invasive adenoma, and carcinoma.

  • Adenomas form the largest portion of pituitary tumors with an overall estimated prevalence of about 17%, but only a minority is symptomatic.
  • Tumors less than 1 cm are classified as microadenoma and tumors equal or greater than 1 cm in size are called macroadenoma.  Macroadenoma have a higher probability of causing visual field defects due to pressing on optic chiasm.

  • Prolactin-secreting tumors are the most common pituitary tumors and respond well to non-surgical/medical treatment.



Pituitary Tumors Cases:
Pituitary Tumors case 1 Pituitary Tumors case 2 Pituitary Tumors case 3